Upgrade MySQL 5.5 to 5.6 on EC2/CentOS/RHEL

Problem

You would like to upgrade MySQL 5.5 to MySQL 5.6 on an existing server that uses the YUM software package manager.

Solution

Just enter the following few simple commands and you should be good to go. But, please, do a thorough full backup of your system before you do the upgrade just in case.

[1] Create a MySQL dump from which you will load the data into the upgraded server:

mysqldump -u root -p –add-drop-table –routines –events –all-databases –force > data-for-upgrade.sql

[2] Stop your MySQL server

sudo service mysqld stop

[3] Remove MySQL 5.5

yum remove mysql55-server mysql55-libs mysql55-devel mysql55-bench mysql55

[4] Clear the MySQL data directory

sudo rm -r /var/lib/mysql/*

[5] Install MySQL 5.6

sudo yum install mysql56 mysql56-devel mysql56-server mysql56-libs

[6] Start MySQL server

sudo service mysqld start

[7] Set the root password

/usr/libexec/mysql56/mysqladmin -u root password ‘xxx’

[8] Import your data

mysql -u root -p –force < data-for-upgrade.sql

[9] Verify all tables will work in 5.6

sudo mysql_upgrade -u root -p –force

All done!

Notes

  • Upgrade to 5.7 should work in a similar way, once 5.7 is available on your RPM repos (it isn’t by the time of the writing for the Amazon Linux Repo).

Sources

 

 

 

 

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